Type I and type II, these are the classification of the uncontrolled blood sugar levels, known as diabetes. However, based on the research, entitled: Novel subgroups of adult-onset diabetes and their association with outcomes: a data-driven cluster analysis of six variables, “we identified five replicable clusters of patients with diabetes, which had significantly different patient characteristics and risk of diabetic complications”.
In addition to the report, the group of researchers stratified the patients into five subgroups. The patients have different disease progression and have the risk of diabetic complications. This sub-stratification could help to tailor early treatment to patients who will be going to benefit from it.
In every cluster, there are separate analysis and diagnosis need for the treatment. According to News Max Health, as stated on their article, “by isolating measurement of insulin resistance, insulin secretion, blood sugar levels, age, and the onset of illness, they distinguished five distinct clusters of the disease–three serious and two milder forms.”
Diabetes Cluster 1 Severe Autoimmune
In this study, there were 6 to 15 percent of patients involved. This is the same as the classical type I since it hit people even when they were young. People affected with this type is unable to produce insulin due to immune diseases and the presence of autoantibodies.
Diabetes Cluster 2 Severe Insulin-deficient
Patients who are experiencing this type of disease struggle to being able to make insulin however it is not because of the problem in the immune system. Nine to 20 percent of patients involved in this study and it somehow identical to those in cluster 1 regarding age. This is often being classified as the type II diabetes disease.
Diabetes Cluster 3 Severe Insulin-resistant
For patients who have a cluster 3 diabetes, they are said to be severely insulin-resistant. Eleven to 17 percent of patients involved have a higher risk of having kidney disease, and they are overweight. These patients still can make insulin; however, their body doesn’t want to respond to it.
Diabetes Cluster 4 Mild Obesity-related
If you are overweight, this is most likely what can be seen in you. When it comes to metabolic process, they are more normal than patients who belong in cluster 3. There was 18 to 23 percent of patients involved in conducting this study.
Diabetes Cluster 5 Mild Age-related
Patients who experience this kind of diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. There is 39 to 47 percent of patients who are involved. The symptoms of diabetes develop due to aging.
If there will be a better understanding towards this disease, it will be a lot easier for patients’ to achieve better treatment. As what Dr. Emily Burns of Diabetes UK said on her interview in BBC News, “this research takes a promising step toward breaking down type II diabetes in more detail, but we still need to know more about these subtypes before we can understand what this means for people living with the condition.”
Having the chance to know more about your health is important. People who have enough knowledge have more advantage than those who don’t have any idea about what is happening in their body. For example, if you do not know that your eyes have the ability to detect if you have health problems, you will end up outdated and misinformed.
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